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A controlled experiment on yarn hairiness and fabric pilling

Beltran, Rafael, Wang, Lijing and Wang, Xungai 2007, A controlled experiment on yarn hairiness and fabric pilling, Textile research journal, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 179-183.

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Title A controlled experiment on yarn hairiness and fabric pilling
Author(s) Beltran, Rafael
Wang, Lijing
Wang, Xungai
Journal name Textile research journal
Volume number 77
Issue number 3
Start page 179
End page 183
Publisher Sage
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2007
ISSN 0040-5175
1746-7748
Keyword(s) air nozzle
jetwind
pilling
ring spun
solospun
yarn hairiness
fibre science
Summary This study focused on the hairiness of worsted wool yarns and how it affects the pilling propensity of knitted wool fabrics. Conventional worsted ring spun yarns were compared with comparable SolospunTM yarns and yarns modified with a hairiness reducing air nozzle in the winding process (JetWind). Measurements of yarn hairiness (S3) on the Zweigle G565 hairiness meter showed a reduction in the S3 value of approximately 46% was achieved using SolospunTM ring spinning attachment and a 33% reduction was achieved using the JetWind process. Interestingly, subsequent evaluation of the pilling performance of fabrics made from the SolospunTM spun yarn and JetWind modified yarn showed a half grade and full grade improvement, respectively over a similar fabric made from conventional ring spun yarns. This result suggested that a relatively large reduction in yarn hairiness was needed to achieve a moderate improvement in fabric pilling, and that the nature of yarn hairiness was also a key factor in influencing fabric pilling propensity. It is postulated that the wrapping of surface hairs by the air vortex in the JetWind process may limit the ability of those surface fibers to form fuzz and reach the critical height required for pill formation.
Notes The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Textile research journal, Vol 77, Issue Number 3, 2007, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2007 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Textile research journal page: http://trj.sagepub.com/ on SAGE Journals Online: http://online.sagepub.com/
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, SAGE Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007229

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.