International comparisons of rural-urban educational attainment : data and determinants

Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet and Cardak, Buly A. 2007, International comparisons of rural-urban educational attainment : data and determinants, European economic review, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 1828-1857.

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Title International comparisons of rural-urban educational attainment : data and determinants
Author(s) Ulubaşoğlu, Mehmet
Cardak, Buly A.
Journal name European economic review
Volume number 51
Issue number 7
Start page 1828
End page 1857
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2007-10
ISSN 0014-2921
Keyword(s) human capital
economic geography
education
rural and urban educational inequality
Summary We study cross-country differences in rural and urban educational attainment by using a data set comprising 56 countries. We focus on the determinants of rural–urban educational inequality, which is measured by the ratio of rural to urban average years of schooling within each country. We find that riskier human capital investment, less credit availability, a colonial heritage, a legal system of French origin and landlockedness of nations are all associated with relatively lower rural educational levels and greater rural–urban educational inequality. Conversely, larger formal labor markets, better infrastructure and a legal system of British origin are associated with relatively higher rural educational levels and lower rural–urban educational inequality. We also identify an interaction effect between economic development level and some of these factors. In particular, we find that as development level increases, the negative (positive) relationship between French (British) legal systems and rural–urban educational inequality is reversed and becomes positive (negative).


Notes Available online 16 January 2007
Language eng
Field of Research 140202 Economic Development and Growth
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Elsevier B.V.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007238

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
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