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Relationship between stress, eating behavior and obesity

Torres, Susan and Nowson, Caryl 2007, Relationship between stress, eating behavior and obesity, Nutrition, vol. 23, no. 11-12, pp. 887-894.

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Title Relationship between stress, eating behavior and obesity
Author(s) Torres, Susan
Nowson, Caryl
Journal name Nutrition
Volume number 23
Issue number 11-12
Start page 887
End page 894
Publisher Elsevier, Inc.
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2007-11
ISSN 0899-9007
1873-1244
Keyword(s) stress
eating behavior
sucrose
fat
rat
weight gain
obesity
Summary Stress is thought to influence human eating behavior and has been examined in animal and human studies. Our understanding of the stress-eating relation is confounded by limitations inherent in the study designs; however, we can make some tentative conclusions that support the notion that stress can influence eating patterns in humans. Stress appears to alter overall food intake in two ways, resulting in under- or overeating, which may be influenced by stressor severity. Chronic life stress seems to be associated with a greater preference for energy- and nutrient-dense foods, namely those that are high in sugar and fat. Evidence from longitudinal studies suggests that chronic life stress may be causally linked to weight gain, with a greater effect seen in men. Stress-induced eating may be one factor contributing to the development of obesity. Future studies that measure biological markers of stress will assist our understanding of the physiologic mechanism underlying the stress-eating relation and how stress might be linked to neurotransmitters and hormones that control appetite.
Notes Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Available online 17 September 2007.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, Elsevier Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007279

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