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Food intake patterns among Australian adolescents

Savige, Gayle S., Ball, Kylie, Worsley, Anthony and Crawford, David 2007, Food intake patterns among Australian adolescents, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 738-746.

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Title Food intake patterns among Australian adolescents
Author(s) Savige, Gayle S.
Ball, Kylie
Worsley, Anthony
Crawford, David
Journal name Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 16
Issue number 4
Start page 738
End page 746
Publisher HEC Press
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2007
ISSN 0964-7058
1440-6047
Keyword(s) adolescent
diet
food intake
nutrition
rural
urban
Australia
Summary Objectives: This study aimed 10 evaluate the food intake pattens of adolescents with respect to the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating, and to examine variations in food intake patterns by age, gender and region of residence.
Design: Cross-sectional online food survey administered through schools. Participants and setting: In 2004-2005,3841 secondary students in years seven (12-13 years) and nine (14-15 years) drawn from 37 secondary schools in Victoria, Australia completed an online food intake patterns survey.
Outcome measures: Food intake was measured by a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), and categorized according to the five basic food groups (fruit, vegetables, meat, daily, cereal) and the 'extra' food group as defined by the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE). The foods groups were examined in the study population and compared across age, gender and region.
Results: Many adolescents in this sample reported food intakes that deviated substantially from recommendations of the AGHE. For example, two-thirds of participants failed to consume foods from the five recommended food groups daily; over a third reported eating fruit 'rarely or never'; and 22% reported eating fast foods every day. Food intakes were generally more in line with dietary guidelines among girls than boys.
Regional differences were less consistent, and there were few differences by age.
Conclusion: A significant proportion of adolescents have food intakes that fall short of the recommendations outlined in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. This highlights the need for public health initiatives to promote healthier food intake pattens among adolescents.
Notes Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 111708 Health and Community Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, RMIT Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007388

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.