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A comparative study on the felting propensity of animal fibers

Liu, Xin and Wang, Xungai 2007, A comparative study on the felting propensity of animal fibers, Textile research journal, vol. 77, no. 12, pp. 957-963.

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Title A comparative study on the felting propensity of animal fibers
Author(s) Liu, Xin
Wang, Xungai
Journal name Textile research journal
Volume number 77
Issue number 12
Start page 957
End page 963
Publisher Sage
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2007
ISSN 0040-5175
1746-7748
Keyword(s) felting propensity
wool
cashmere
alpaca
animal fibre
fibre science
Summary The felting propensity of different animal fibers, particularly alpaca and wool, has been examined. The Aachen felting test method was employed. 1 g of each type of fiber was soaked in 50 ml of wetting solution and agitated in a dyeing machine to make felt balls. The diameter of each ball was measured in nine directions and the ball density was calculated in g/cm3; the higher the density value of the ball, the higher the feltability of the fibers. The effects of fiber diameter and fiber length on the felting propensity of these fibers were investigated. The results show that the alpaca fibers felt to a higher degree than wool fibers, and short and fine cashmere fibers have lower felting propensity than wool fibers at a similar diameter range. There is a higher tendency of felting for bleached and dyed alpaca fibers than for untreated fibers. Fiber length has a remarkable influence on the propensity of fiber felting. Cotton and nylon fibers were also tested for felting propensity to verify the mechanism responsible for the different fiber felting behavior.
Notes The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Textile research journal, Vol 77, Issue Number 12, 2007, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2007 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Textile research journal page: http://trj.sagepub.com/ on SAGE Journals Online: http://online.sagepub.com/
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007 by SAGE Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007415

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.