Associations of children's perceived neighborhood environments with walking and physical activity

Hume, Clare, Salmon, Jo and Ball, Kylie 2007, Associations of children's perceived neighborhood environments with walking and physical activity, American journal of health promotion, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 201-207.

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Title Associations of children's perceived neighborhood environments with walking and physical activity
Author(s) Hume, Clare
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie
Journal name American journal of health promotion
Volume number 21
Issue number 3
Start page 201
End page 207
Publisher American Journal of Health Promotion
Place of publication Birmingham, MI
Publication date 2007-01
ISSN 0890-1171
Keyword(s) child
physical activity
prevention research
health focus : physical activity
manuscript format : research
outcome measure : behavioral
research purpose : descriptive
setting : school
study design : nonexperimental
target population age : youth
target population circumstances : education/income level
geographic location
Summary Purpose. To examine associations between children's perceptions of the neighborhood environment and walking and physical activity.
Design. Cross-sectional study of a school-based sample.
Setting. Elementary schools in Melbourne, Australia.
Subjects. 280 children aged 10 years (response rate 78%).
Measures. A self-report survey assessed children's perceptions of the neighborhood physical and social environments and their weekly walking frequency. Physical activity was also objectively measured using accelerometers.
Results. Multiple linear regression analyses showed a positive association between walking frequency and the number of accessible destinations in the neighborhood among boys; having a neighborhood that was easy to walk/cycle around and perceiving lots of graffiti were positively associated with walking frequency among girls. Perceiving lots of litter and rubbish was positively associated with boys' overall physical activity, but no environmental variables were associated with girls' overall physical activity.
Conclusion. Several different environmental factors were associated with walking and physical activity. Perceptions of the neighborhood environment were more strongly associated with girls' walking than with objectively-measured physical activity. Future studies should confirm these findings using objective measures and prospective study designs.
Language eng
Field of Research 111704 Community Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.
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