Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school

Salmon, Jo, Salmon, Louisa, Crawford, David, Hume, Clare and Timperio, Anna 2007, Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school, American journal of health promotion, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 107-113.


Title Associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school
Author(s) Salmon, Jo
Salmon, Louisa
Crawford, David
Hume, Clare
Timperio, Anna
Journal name American journal of health promotion
Volume number 22
Issue number 2
Start page 107
End page 113
Publisher American Journal of Health Promotion
Place of publication Troy, Mich.
Publication date 2007-11
ISSN 0890-1171
2168-6602
Keyword(s) active commuting
barriers
prevention research
social ecologic models
walking distance
Summary Purpose. To examine associations among individual, social, and environmental barriers and children's walking or cycling to school.

Design. Exploratory cross-sectional study.

Setting. All eight capital cities in Australia.

Subjects. Parents (N = 720) of school-aged children (4-13 years; 27% response rate 49% parents of boys,).

Measures. Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for parental reporting of barriers to their children's walking or cycling to school, based on a computer-assisted telephone interview.

Results. Forty-one percent of children walked or cycled to school at least once per week. Multivariable analyses found inverse associations with individual ("child prefers to be driven" [OR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.3-0.6], "no time in the mornings" [OR 0.5, 95% CI = 0.3-0.8]); social ("worry child will take risk" [OR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.3-0.9], "no other children to walk with" [OR = 0.7, 95% CI = 0.4-0.99], "no adults to walk with" [OR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.4-0.9]); and environmental barriers ("too far to walk" [OR = 0.1, 95% CI = 0.0- 0.1], "no direct route" [OR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.2-0. 7]) and positive associations with "concern child may he injured in a road accident" (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.1-3.1) and active commuting.

Conclusion.
Working with parents, schools, and local authorities to improve pedestrian, skills and environments may help to overcome barriers.
Language eng
Field of Research 111704 Community Child Health
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007450

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