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Should personality traits be considered when refining substance misuse treatment programs?

Staiger, Petra K., Kambouropoulos, Nicolas and Dawe, Sharon 2007, Should personality traits be considered when refining substance misuse treatment programs?, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 17-23, doi: 10.1080/09595230601036952.

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Title Should personality traits be considered when refining substance misuse treatment programs?
Author(s) Staiger, Petra K.
Kambouropoulos, Nicolas
Dawe, Sharon
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 26
Issue number 1
Start page 17
End page 23
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2007-01
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Keyword(s) addiction
anxiety disorder
impulsivity
personality disorder
reward-sensitivity
sensation-seeking
substance misuse
treatment matching
Summary The interplay between stable personality characteristics and environmental factors is emphasised in most contemporary approaches to individual differences. This interaction appears to be important in understanding the development of substance use and misuse. Impulsivity related personality traits such as sensation-seeking, novelty seeking, reward-sensitivity and behavioural disinhibition, are strongly linked to adolescent and adult substance use and misuse. The role of anxiety-related traits, in the development of substance misuse is less clear. Nonetheless, anxiety disorders are very common amongst adult substance misusers and almost certainly play a critical role in the maintenance of a substance use disorder and influence treatment effectiveness. The data suggest that personality influences treatment outcomes and yet these individual differences are generally not addressed in treatment. We argue in this review that interventions which are matched to these relevant personality traits may improve treatment outcomes for substance misusers. [Staiger PK, Kambouropoulos N, Dawe S. Should personality traits be considered when refining substance misuse treatment programs?
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/09595230601036952
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007605

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 29 Sep 2008, 08:54:02 EST

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