Personality, behavioural and affective characteristics of hazardous drinkers

Kambouropoulos, Nicolas and Staiger, Petra K. 2007, Personality, behavioural and affective characteristics of hazardous drinkers, Personality and individual differences, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 213-224, doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.06.013.

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Title Personality, behavioural and affective characteristics of hazardous drinkers
Author(s) Kambouropoulos, NicolasORCID iD for Kambouropoulos, Nicolas
Staiger, Petra K.ORCID iD for Staiger, Petra K.
Journal name Personality and individual differences
Volume number 42
Issue number 2
Start page 213
End page 224
Publisher Pergamon
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2007-01
ISSN 0191-8869
Keyword(s) reinforcement sensitivity theory
hazardous drinkers
appetitive motivation
aversive motivation
Summary The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of appetitive and aversive motivation on hazardous drinking behaviour by drawing on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST). A between-groups design examined differences between hazardous drinkers and matched controls on self-report and behavioural appetitive and aversive motivation. The relationship between motivational processes and changes in affective states following behavioural task performance was also examined. Data from 27 hazardous drinkers (M = 21.88 years, SD = 3.29) and 27 gender and age matched controls (M = 21.85 years, SD = 4.08) were utilised. The Card Arranging Reward Responsivity Objective Test (CARROT) assessed behavioural appetitive motivation and the computerised Q-TASK provided an index of behavioural aversive motivation. Self-report appetitive and aversive motivation was measured using the Sensitivity to Punishment and Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ). Brief scales tapping state positive and negative affect were also administered. Hazardous drinkers were significantly higher than controls on self-report but not behavioural measures of appetitive motivation. Results also indicated that hazardous drinkers reported significantly higher levels of negative affect. These data suggest that hazardous drinkers are characterised by high trait appetitive motivation and state negative affect. It was suggested that RST may provide a useful framework for understanding both the appetitive and aversive motivational processes involved in drinking behaviour.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2006.06.013
Field of Research 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Elselvier Ltd
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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