Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish population

Ebrahimi-Mameghani, M., Scott, Jane, Der, G., Lean, M. and Burns, Cate 2008, Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish population, European journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 1208-1214, doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602839.

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Title Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish population
Author(s) Ebrahimi-Mameghani, M.
Scott, Jane
Der, G.
Lean, M.
Burns, Cate
Journal name European journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 62
Issue number 10
Start page 1208
End page 1214
Publisher John Libbey & Co.
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2008
ISSN 0954-3007
Keyword(s) longitudinal changes
waist circumference
Summary Objective: To document patterns of measured weight and waist circumference (WC) change and the increase in overweight and obesity over a 9-year period. Subjects/Methods: A total of 1044 subjects from two age-defined cohorts aged 39 and 59 in 1991. Height, weight and WC were measured in 1991, 1995 and 2000 and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Pattern of weight and WC change was studied over approximately 9 years. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased markedly and the younger cohort showed greater increases in weight and WC than the older cohort. There was no significant difference in mean BMI and/or mean 9-year weight change between men and women in either age cohort, and mean weight gain was similar for all occupational groups. Only 20% of subjects maintained a stable weight (plusminus2 kg), while 42.2 and 17.6% gained greater than 5 and 10 kg over the 9-year period, respectively. The rate of weight gain appeared to be relatively steady over the 9 years among younger subjects but declined in the older subjects in the second half of the observation period. Conclusions: Health promotion strategies to prevent weight gain need to be population-based, targeting all social and age groups, but particularly those in their early middle-age.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602839
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Macmillan Publishers Limited
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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