High childhood obesity in an Australian population

Sanigorski, Andrea, Bell, Colin, Kremer, Peter and Swinburn, Boyd 2007, High childhood obesity in an Australian population, Obesity, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1908-1912, doi: 10.1038/oby.2007.226.

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Title High childhood obesity in an Australian population
Author(s) Sanigorski, Andrea
Bell, ColinORCID iD for Bell, Colin orcid.org/0000-0003-2731-9858
Kremer, PeterORCID iD for Kremer, Peter orcid.org/0000-0003-2476-1958
Swinburn, Boyd
Journal name Obesity
Volume number 15
Issue number 8
Start page 1908
End page 1912
Total pages 5
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Cambridge, Mass..
Publication date 2007-08
ISSN 1930-7381
Keyword(s) children
socioeconomic status
Summary Objective: The objective was to determine the prevalences of overweight and obesity in regional Australian children and to examine the association between BMI and indicators of socioeconomic status (SES).

Research Methods and Procedures: Regionally representative cross-sectional survey of 2184 children, 4 to 12 years of age, was conducted, and the socio-demographic characteristics of their parents from regional Victoria, Australia, 2003 to 2004, were obtained.

Results: The prevalences of overweight and obesity were 19.3 plusminus 0.8% (proportion plusminus standard error) and 7.6 plusminus 0.6% , respectively, using international criteria, and the proportion of overweight/obese girls was significantly higher than that of boys (29.6 plusminus 1.4% vs. 23.9 plusminus 1.3% , chi2 = 9.01, p = 0.003). Children from households of lower SES had higher odds of being overweight/obese; lower SES was defined by lower paternal education (adjusted odds ratio, 1.18; 95% confidence interval, 1.08 to 1.30) and lower area-level SES (adjusted odds ratio, 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.25), adjusted for age, gender, height, and clustering by school.

Discussion: The prevalences of overweight and obesity are increasing in Australian children by about one percentage point per year. This equates to approx40,000 more overweight children each year, placing Australian children among those at highest risk around the world. In addition, girls are more likely to be overweight, and there is a general trend for children of lower SES to be at even greater risk of overweight and obesity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/oby.2007.226
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007697

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