What makes continuing education effective : perspectives of community pharmacists
McNamara, Kevin, Marriott, Jennifer L and Duncan, Gregory J 2007, What makes continuing education effective : perspectives of community pharmacists, International journal of pharmacy practice, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 313-317, doi: 10.1211/ijpp.15.4.0010.
Objective To explore how different aspects of the professional environment for Australian community pharmacists are perceived to be influencing the effectiveness of continuing education models in improving practice.
Setting Australian community pharmacy.
Methods A convenience sample of practising community pharmacists (n = 15) was recruited using the 'snowballing' technique to participate in one of four focus group teleconferences. Each focus group examined continuing education experiences from different professional perspectives and training needs (recent graduates, experienced practitioners, specialist practitioners and rural/remote practitioners).
Key findings Facilitation of professional development by accreditation bodies, and new challenges resulting from the introduction of cognitive services were seen to promote a favourable environment for continuing education engagement. Complex continuing education delivery models combined with high costs and excessive workloads made it more difficult to engage with continuing education systems or try to apply knowledge to the workplace.
Conclusion Results support findings from previous research that practice development requires a multifaceted approach with continuing education as just one component. Affordable and integrated models of continuing education are required in order to optimise efficacy for participants.
Field of Research
111599 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences not elsewhere classified
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