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Rates of student-reported antisocial behavior, school suspensions, and arrests in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, United States

Hemphill, Sheryl A., McMorris, Barbara J., Toumbourou, John, Herrenkohl, Todd I., Catalano, Richard F. and Mathers, Megan 2007, Rates of student-reported antisocial behavior, school suspensions, and arrests in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, United States, Journal of school health, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 303-311, doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00211.x.

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Title Rates of student-reported antisocial behavior, school suspensions, and arrests in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, United States
Author(s) Hemphill, Sheryl A.
McMorris, Barbara J.
Toumbourou, JohnORCID iD for Toumbourou, John orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Herrenkohl, Todd I.
Catalano, Richard F.
Mathers, Megan
Journal name Journal of school health
Volume number 77
Issue number 6
Start page 303
End page 311
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Place of publication Kent, Ohio
Publication date 2007-08
ISSN 0022-4391
1746-1561
Keyword(s) antisocial behavior
adolescent
juvenile delinquency
prevalence
cross-cultural comparison
Summary Background: Few methodologically rigorous international comparisons of student-reported antisocial behavior have been conducted. This paper examines whether there are differences in the frequency of both antisocial behavior and societal responses to antisocial behavior in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, United States. These 2 states were chosen due to their similarities on sociodemographic characteristics and their differences in policy frameworks around problem behavior including antisocial behavior and substance use.

Methods: State representative samples of students (N = 5769) in school grades 5, 7, and 9 in Victoria and Washington State completed a modified version of the Communities That Care self-report survey of behavior and societal responses to behavior. Chi-square analyses compared frequencies of antisocial behavior, school suspensions, and police arrests in the 2 states. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted for each outcome measure to examine the effect of state, controlling for sample design, clustering of students within schools, age, socioeconomic status, and urbanicity.

Results:
Few state differences in student-reported antisocial behavior were found, although frequencies varied across behavior type and grade level. Differences in societal responses were observed across grade levels with grade 5 Washington students reporting higher rates of school suspension. Older Washington students reported more arrests.

Conclusions:
Rates of student antisocial behavior appear similar in these 2 states in Australia and the United States. However, youth in the United States relative to Australia may experience greater societal consequences for problem behavior. Further research is required to examine the impact of these consequences on subsequent behavior.
Notes Published Online: 26 Jun 2007
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00211.x
Field of Research 111716 Preventive Medicine
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, American School Health Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007910

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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