The impact of shift-work and organizational climate on health outcomes in nurses

von Treuer, Kathryn and Little, Glenn 2014, The impact of shift-work and organizational climate on health outcomes in nurses, Journal of occupational health psychology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 453-461, doi: 10.1037/a0037680.

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Title The impact of shift-work and organizational climate on health outcomes in nurses
Author(s) von Treuer, Kathryn
Little, Glenn
Journal name Journal of occupational health psychology
Volume number 19
Issue number 4
Start page 453
End page 461
Total pages 9
Publisher American Psychological Association
Place of publication Washington, D.C.
Publication date 2014-10
ISSN 1076-8998
Summary Shift workers have a higher rate of negative health outcomes than day shift workers. Few studies however, have examined the role of difference in workplace environment between shifts itself on such health measures. This study investigated variation in organizational climate across different types of shift work and health outcomes in nurses. Participants (n = 142) were nursing staff from a metropolitan Melbourne hospital. Demographic items elicited the type of shift worked, while the Work Environment Scale and the General Health Questionnaire measured organizational climate and health respectively. Analysis supported the hypotheses that different organizational climates occurred across different shifts, and that different organizational climate factors predicted poor health outcomes. Shift work alone was not found to predict health outcomes. Specifically, permanent night shift workers had significantly lower coworker cohesion scores compared with rotating day and evening shift workers and significantly higher managerial control scores compared with day shift workers. Further, coworker cohesion and involvement were found to be significant predictors of somatic problems. These findings suggest that differences in organizational climate between shifts accounts for the variation in health outcomes associated with shift work. Therefore, increased workplace cohesion and involvement, and decreased work pressure, may mitigate the negative health outcomes of shift workers.
Notes Abstract originally published in Proceedings of the 8th Australian Conference on Quality of Life, 2006.
Language eng
DOI 10.1037/a0037680
Field of Research 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
1503 Business and Management
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920210 Nursing
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2007
Copyright notice ©2014, APA
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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