School and anaemia prevention: current reality and opportunities - a Tanzanian case study

Mwanri, L., Worsley, Anthony and Masika, J. 2001, School and anaemia prevention: current reality and opportunities - a Tanzanian case study, Health promotion international, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 321-331, doi: 10.1093/heapro/16.4.321.

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Title School and anaemia prevention: current reality and opportunities - a Tanzanian case study
Author(s) Mwanri, L.
Worsley, AnthonyORCID iD for Worsley, Anthony
Masika, J.
Journal name Health promotion international
Volume number 16
Issue number 4
Start page 321
End page 331
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2001-12
ISSN 0957-4824
Keyword(s) health-promoting schools
iron deficiency anaemia
Summary Iron deficiency anaemia is highly endemic in rural areas of Tanzania and in many developing countries. Its prevention among school children requires greater dissemination of knowledge of anaemia among children, teachers, parents and the general community. Associated improvements in the hygienic status of domestic and school environments are also often required. One-hundred-and-thirty-one anaemic children, 90 parents and 76 teachers were interviewed to ascertain their understanding of anaemia. Most children and parents had little knowledge of the symptoms, causes and prevention of anaemia. In addition to their iron-deficient diets, more than half of the children went to school without something to eat at breakfast and during school hours. However, parents and teachers were willing to work together to provide meals for the children. Poor sanitation in the children's homes and in schools was a little recognized factor which could pose a serious risk of anaemia. In addition, inadequate sanitation facilities and poor quality of physical environment prevailed both in the children's homes and in schools. The findings suggest the need for the establishment of a health-promoting schools network to provide a comprehensive framework for health promotion in schools as well as in homes in Tanzania and in other developing countries. Schools can be an ideal setting to positively influence a community's health status. Partnerships among teachers, parents and the wider community are required to identify, prioritize and ameliorate health problems.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/heapro/16.4.321
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Oxford University Press
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