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Temporal processing and reading disability

Share, David L., Jorm, Anothony F., Maclean, Rod and Matthews, Russell 2002, Temporal processing and reading disability, Reading and writing, vol. 15, no. 1-2, pp. 151-178, doi: 10.1023/A:1013876606178.

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Title Temporal processing and reading disability
Author(s) Share, David L.
Jorm, Anothony F.
Maclean, Rod
Matthews, Russell
Journal name Reading and writing
Volume number 15
Issue number 1-2
Start page 151
End page 178
Publisher Kluwer
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publication date 2002-02
ISSN 0922-4777
1573-0905
Keyword(s) auditory temporal processing
dyslexia
longitudinal
reading disability
Summary The present investigation examined thehypothesis that early auditory temporalprocessing deficits cause later specificreading disability by impairing phonologicalprocessing (Farmer & Klein 1995; Tallal1980, 1984). Temporal processing ability atschool entry was examined using Tallal'sRepetition Test in a large unselected sample ofover 500 children followed over subsequentyears. Although our data confirmed the presenceof certain non-speech auditory processingdeficits in children later classified asspecific reading-disabled, many findings wereclearly at odds with a causal interpretation ofthis relationship. (1) Reading-disabled (RD)children were impaired at school entry on thesubtest with long interstimulus intervals(ISIs) but not the critical short-ISIsubtest. (2) RD children were not inferior toreading-age (RA) controls. (3) A subgroup of RDchildren with evidence of temporal deficitswere no less proficient on later phonologicalor reading measures than RD children with noevidence of early temporal impairment. (4)Although there was a reliable concurrentcorrelation between temporal deficits andphonological awareness at school entry(suggesting a possible common causeexplanation), early temporal deficits did notpredict later phonological impairment,pseudoword processing difficulties, or specificreading disability. On the other hand, earlytemporal deficits did predict later oralreceptive vocabulary and reading comprehensionweaknesses. These findings suggest thatauditory temporal deficits in dyslexics may beassociated with the same dysphasic-typesymptoms observed by Tallal and her colleaguesin specific language-impaired populations, butdo not cause the core phonological deficitsthat characterize dyslexic groups.
Language eng
DOI 10.1023/A:1013876606178
Field of Research 130312 Special Education and Disability
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, Kluwer Academic Publishers
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30008478

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Education
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