Pursuit of the muscular ideal: Physical and psychological consequences and putative risk factors

Cafri, Guy, Thompson, J. Kevin, Ricciardelli, Lina, McCabe, Marita, Smolak, Linda and Yesalis, Charles 2005, Pursuit of the muscular ideal: Physical and psychological consequences and putative risk factors, Clinical psychology review, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 215-239.

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Title Pursuit of the muscular ideal: Physical and psychological consequences and putative risk factors
Author(s) Cafri, Guy
Thompson, J. Kevin
Ricciardelli, Lina
McCabe, Marita
Smolak, Linda
Yesalis, Charles
Journal name Clinical psychology review
Volume number 25
Issue number 2
Start page 215
End page 239
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication New York, NY.
Publication date 2005-02
ISSN 0272-7358
1873-7811
Keyword(s) muscularity
body image
steroids
risk factors
eating disturbances
Summary Developing a lean muscular figure for the purposes of sports and/or appearance has become a central issue for males. Concern has been raised because the desire to develop such a body build may lead to the adoption of numerous health-threatening behaviors. Consequently, this review presents a comprehensive analysis of the physical and psychological consequences that result from the use of steroids (legal and illegal), ephedrine, and deleterious dieting strategies specific to males. Putative risk factors for these behaviors will be identified, and the clinical disorder associated with the extreme abuse of these behaviors, muscle dysmorphia, will be examined.


Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30008848

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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