The role of alcohol expectancy and drinking refusal self-efficacy beliefs in university student drinking

Young, R. McD., Connor, J. P., Ricciardelli, Lina and Saunders, J. B. 2006, The role of alcohol expectancy and drinking refusal self-efficacy beliefs in university student drinking, Alcohol and alcoholism, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 70-75, doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agh237.

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Title The role of alcohol expectancy and drinking refusal self-efficacy beliefs in university student drinking
Author(s) Young, R. McD.
Connor, J. P.
Ricciardelli, LinaORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina
Saunders, J. B.
Journal name Alcohol and alcoholism
Volume number 41
Issue number 1
Start page 70
End page 75
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2006-11-18
ISSN 0735-0414
Summary Aims: University student alcohol misuse is a considerable problem. Alcohol expectancy research has contributed significantly to our understanding of problem drinking in young adults. Most of this research has investigated positive expectancy alone. The current study utilized two measures of alcohol expectancy, the alcohol expectancy questionnaire (AEQ) and the drinking expectancy profile [consisting of the drinking expectancy questionnaire (DEQ) and the drinking refusal self-efficacy questionnaire] to predict severity of alcohol dependence, frequency of drinking, and the quantity of alcohol consumed per occasion. Methods: Measures of drinking behaviour and alcohol expectancy were completed by 174 undergraduate university students. Results: Positive alcohol expectancy factors accounted for significant variance in all three drinking indices, with the DEQ adding additional variance to AEQ scores on frequency and severity of alcohol dependence indices. Negative expectancy did not add incremental variance to the prediction of drinking behaviour in this sample. Drinking refusal self-efficacy and dependence beliefs added additional variance over positive and negative expectancies in the prediction of all three drinking parameters. Conclusions: Positive expectancy and drinking refusal self-efficacy were strongly related to university student drinking. The incorporation of expectancy as a means of informing prevention approaches in tertiary education shows promise.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/alcalc/agh237
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2005
Copyright notice ©2005, Oxford University Press
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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