Prolonged submaximal exercise induces isoform-specific Na+-K+-ATPase mRNA and protein responses in human skeletal muscle

Murphy, K. Τ., Petersen, A. C., Goodman, C., Gong, X., Leppik, J. Α., Garnham, A., Cameron-Smith, David, Snow, Rod and McKenna, M. J. 2006, Prolonged submaximal exercise induces isoform-specific Na+-K+-ATPase mRNA and protein responses in human skeletal muscle, American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative, and comparative physiology, vol. 290, pp. 414-424.

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Title Prolonged submaximal exercise induces isoform-specific Na+-K+-ATPase mRNA and protein responses in human skeletal muscle
Author(s) Murphy, K. Τ.
Petersen, A. C.
Goodman, C.
Gong, X.
Leppik, J. Α.
Garnham, A.
Cameron-Smith, David
Snow, Rod
McKenna, M. J.
Journal name American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative, and comparative physiology
Volume number 290
Start page 414
End page 424
Publisher American Physiological Society
Place of publication Bethesda, Md.
Publication date 2006-09-22
ISSN 0363-6119
1522-1490
Keyword(s) gene expression
RNA polymerase II
3-O-methylfluorescein phosphatase
[3H]ouabain binding
Summary This study investigated effects of prolonged submaximal exercise on Na+-K+-ATPase mRNA and protein expression, maximal activity, and content in human skeletal muscle. We also investigated the effects on mRNA expression of the transcription initiator gene, RNA polymerase II (RNAP II), and key genes involved in protein translation, eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF-4E) and 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1). Eleven subjects (6 men, 5 women) cycled at 75.5% (SD 4.8%) peak O2 uptake and continued until fatigue. A vastus lateralis muscle biopsy was taken at rest, fatigue, and 3 and 24 h postexercise. We analyzed muscle for Na+-K+-ATPase α1, α2, α3, β1, β2, and β3, as well for RNAP II, eIF-4E, and 4E-BP1 mRNA expression by real-time RT-PCR and Na+-K+-ATPase isoform protein abundance using immunoblotting. Muscle homogenate maximal Na+-K+-ATPase activity was determined by 3-O-methylfluorescein phosphatase activity and Na+-K+-ATPase content by [3H]ouabain binding. Cycling to fatigue [54.5 (SD 20.6) min] immediately increased {alpha}3 (P = 0.044) and {beta}2 mRNA (P = 0.042) by 2.2- and 1.9-fold, respectively, whereas {alpha}1 mRNA was elevated by 2.0-fold at 24 h postexercise (P = 0.036). A significant time main effect was found for α3 protein abundance (P = 0.046). Exercise transiently depressed maximal Na+-K+-ATPase activity (P = 0.004), but Na+-K+-ATPase content was unaltered throughout recovery. Exercise immediately increased RNAP II mRNA by 2.6-fold (P = 0.011) but had no effect on eIF-4E and 4E-BP1 mRNA. Thus a single bout of prolonged submaximal exercise induced isoform-specific Na+-K+-ATPase responses, increasing α1, α3, and β2 mRNA but only α3 protein expression. Exercise also increased mRNA expression of RNAP II, a gene initiating transcription, but not of eIF-4E and 4E-BP1, key genes initiating protein translation.
Language eng
Field of Research 110602 Exercise Physiology
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2005
Copyright notice ©2006, American Physiological Society
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30008931

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