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Out-of-home food outlets and area deprivation: case study in Glasgow, UK

Macintyre, Sally, McKay, Laura, Cummins, Steven and Burns, Cate 2005, Out-of-home food outlets and area deprivation: case study in Glasgow, UK, International journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity, vol. 2, no. 16, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-2-16.

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Title Out-of-home food outlets and area deprivation: case study in Glasgow, UK
Author(s) Macintyre, Sally
McKay, Laura
Cummins, Steven
Burns, Cate
Journal name International journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 2
Issue number 16
Start page 1
End page 7
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2005-10-25
ISSN 1479-5868
Summary Background
There is a popular belief that out-of-home eating outlets, which typically serve energy dense food, may be more commonly found in more deprived areas and that this may contribute to higher rates of obesity and related diseases in such areas.

We obtained a list of all 1301 out-of-home eating outlets in Glasgow, UK, in 2003 and mapped these at unit postcode level. We categorised them into quintiles of area deprivation using the 2004 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and computed mean density of types of outlet (restaurants, fast food restaurants, cafes and takeaways), and all types combined, per 1000 population. We also estimated odds ratios for the presence of any outlets in small areas within the quintiles.

The density of outlets, and the likelihood of having any outlets, was highest in the second most affluent quintile (Q2) and lowest in the second most deprived quintile (Q4). Mean outlets per 1,000 were 4.02 in Q2, 1.20 in Q4 and 2.03 in Q5. With Q2 as the reference, Odds Ratios for having any outlets were 0.52 (CI 0.32–0.84) in Q1, 0.50 (CI 0.31 – 0.80) in Q4 and 0.61 (CI 0.38 – 0.98) in Q5. Outlets were located in the City Centre, West End, and along arterial roads.

In Glasgow those living in poorer areas are not more likely to be exposed to out-of-home eating outlets in their neighbourhoods. Health improvement policies need to be based on empirical evidence about the location of fast food outlets in specific national and local contexts, rather than on popular 'factoids'.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/1479-5868-2-16
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Macintyre et al.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Mon, 13 Oct 2008, 15:46:26 EST

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