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An experimental study on fabric softness evaluation

Zhang, Peihua, Liu, Xin, Wang, Lijing and Wang, Xungai 2006, An experimental study on fabric softness evaluation, International journal of clothing science and technology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 83-95.

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Title An experimental study on fabric softness evaluation
Author(s) Zhang, Peihua
Liu, Xin
Wang, Lijing
Wang, Xungai
Journal name International journal of clothing science and technology
Volume number 18
Issue number 2
Start page 83
End page 95
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing Ltd
Place of publication Bingley, England
Publication date 2006
ISSN 0955-6222
1758-5953
Keyword(s) fabric testing
force
wool fabric
Summary Purpose – To examine a simple testing method of measuring the force to pull a fabric through a series of parallel pins to determine the fabric softness property.

Design/methodology/approach – A testing system was setup for fabric pulling force measurements and the testing parameters were experimentally determined. The specific pulling forces were compared with the fabric assurance by simple testing (FAST) parameters and subjective softness ranking. Their correlations were also statistically analyzed.

Findings – The fabric pulling force reflects the physical and surface properties of the fabrics measured by the FAST instrument and its ability to rank fabric softness appears to be close to the human hand response on fabric softness. The pulling force method can also distinguish the difference of fabrics knitted with different wool fiber contents.

Research limitations/implications – Only 21 woven and three knitted fabrics were used for this investigation. More fabrics with different structures and finishes may be evaluated before the testing method can be put in practice.

Practical implications – The testing method could be used for objective assessment of fabric softness.

Originality/value – The testing method reported in this paper is a new concept in fabric softness measurement. It can provide objective specifications for fabric softness, thus should be valuable to fabric community.
Notes Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30008951

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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