Family average income and diagnosed Type 2 diabetes in urban and rural residents in regional mainland China.

Xu, Fei, Yin, Xiao-Mei, Zhang, Min, Leslie, Eva, Ware, Robert. and Owen, Neville 2006, Family average income and diagnosed Type 2 diabetes in urban and rural residents in regional mainland China., Diabetic medicine: journal of diabetes UK, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1239-1246, doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01965.x.

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Title Family average income and diagnosed Type 2 diabetes in urban and rural residents in regional mainland China.
Author(s) Xu, Fei
Yin, Xiao-Mei
Zhang, Min
Leslie, Eva
Ware, Robert.
Owen, Neville
Journal name Diabetic medicine: journal of diabetes UK
Volume number 23
Issue number 11
Start page 1239
End page 1246
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, England
Publication date 2006-11
ISSN 0742-3071
Keyword(s) China
family average income
socio-economic status
Summary Aims: To explore the relationship between family average income (FAI; an index of socio-economic status) and Type 2 diabetes in a region of mainland China. Methods: Population-based cross-sectional study, conducted between October 2000 and March 2001 in administrative villages (n = 45) randomly selected from three urban districts and two rural counties of NanJing municipality, mainland China, with a regional population of 5.6 million. Participants were all local residents aged ≥ 35 years old (n = 29 340); 67.7% from urban areas, 32.3% from rural areas, 49.8% male and 50.2% female. Results: The response rate of eligible participants was 90.1%. The overall prevalence of self-reported Type 2 diabetes was 1.9%. After adjustment for possible confounding variables (age, gender, area of residence, body mass index, educational level, smoking status, occupational and leisure-time physical activity), participants in the higher and middle FAI categories were more than twice as likely to have Type 2 diabetes as those in the lower FAI category. Conclusions: The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes is positively related to socio-economic status (indexed by FAI) in Chinese at the population level. After controlling for potential confounding factors, people in higher socio-economic status groups are more likely to have Type 2 diabetes. These associations are consistent with other effects of epidemiological transition and identify a need for preventive initiatives.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01965.x
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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