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Modification of wool fiber using steam explosion

Xu, Weilin, Ke, Guizhen, Wu, Jihong and Wang, Xungai 2006, Modification of wool fiber using steam explosion, European polymer journal, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 2168-2173.

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Title Modification of wool fiber using steam explosion
Author(s) Xu, Weilin
Ke, Guizhen
Wu, Jihong
Wang, Xungai
Journal name European polymer journal
Volume number 42
Issue number 9
Start page 2168
End page 2173
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2006-09
ISSN 0014-3057
1873-1945
Keyword(s) steam explosion
DSC
TG
SEM
modification
wool
x-ray
Summary Wool fiber was modified by steam explosion in this study. SEM results show that some scales on the fiber surface were cleaved and tiny grooves generated during the explosion. FTIR results suggest no evident changes in the chemical composition of the fiber after the explosion treatment. However, the crystallinity of the fiber decreased slightly as the steam pressure increased based on the X-ray results. In the thermal analysis, DSC results show that the temperature corresponding to vaporization of absorbed water and cleavage of disulfide bonds respectively decreased as the steam pressure increased. The reduction in thermal decomposition energy of the treated fiber indicates that steam explosion might have destroyed some crystals and crosslinks of macromolecular chains in the fiber. The treatment also led to some alterations of the fiber properties, including reduction in strength, moisture regain and solubility in caustic solution.
Notes Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2006, Elselvier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30008999

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.