Trial of print and telephone delivered interventions to influence walking.

Humpel, N., Marshall, A. L., Iverson, D., Leslie, Eva and Owen, N. 2004, Trial of print and telephone delivered interventions to influence walking., Preventive medicine, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 635-641, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.02.032.

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Title Trial of print and telephone delivered interventions to influence walking.
Author(s) Humpel, N.
Marshall, A. L.
Iverson, D.
Leslie, Eva
Owen, N.
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 39
Issue number 3
Start page 635
End page 641
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, CA
Publication date 2004-09
ISSN 0091-7435
Keyword(s) walking
intervention studies
Summary Background. Both self-help print materials and telephone-assisted counseling have generally proved useful strategies to increase physical activity. This study examined their effectiveness in an intervention aimed specifically at promoting walking for specific purposes.

Methods. Participants (n = 399) were randomly allocated to one of two 3-week intervention programs. The Print program comprised multiple mailing of brochures that emphasized walking within the local community environments. The Print plus Telephone program received the same brochures plus three telephone calls. Data collected via mailed self-completed surveys were analyzed by exploring outcomes related to walking for specific purposes.

Results. There were no significant differences between the two programs in any of the walking measures. Both groups significantly increased time reported walking for exercise per week [Print: t(1,277) = −3.50, P < 0.001; Print plus telephone: t(1,106) = −2.44, P < 0.016]. Significantly, more participants in the Print plus Telephone group reported receiving and reading the materials (χ2 = 20.11, P < 0.0001).

The intervention programs were more successful at increasing walking for exercise than for any other purpose. The addition of brief telephone support was successful in focusing participants' attention on the print materials, but did not result in any additional increase in walking.
Notes Available online 30 April 2004.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.02.032
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, The Institute For Cancer Prevention and Elsevier Inc
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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