Family average income and body mass index above the healthy weight range among urban and rural resicents in regional Mainland China

Xu, Fei, Yin, Xiao-Mei, Zhang, Min, Leslie, Eva, Ware, Robert. and Owen, Neville 2005, Family average income and body mass index above the healthy weight range among urban and rural resicents in regional Mainland China, Public health nutrition, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 47-51.

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Title Family average income and body mass index above the healthy weight range among urban and rural resicents in regional Mainland China
Author(s) Xu, Fei
Yin, Xiao-Mei
Zhang, Min
Leslie, Eva
Ware, Robert.
Owen, Neville
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 8
Issue number 1
Start page 47
End page 51
Publisher Nutrition Society by CAB International
Place of publication Wallingford, England
Publication date 2005-02
ISSN 1368-9800
1475-2727
Keyword(s) obesity
overweight
prevalence
Mainland China
body mass index
socio-economic status
Summary Objective: To explore the relationship between family average income (FAI; an index of socio-economic status) and body mass index (BMI; a widely used, inexpensive indicator of weight status) above the healthy weight range in a region of Mainland China. Design: Population-based cross-sectional study, conducted between October 1999 and March 2000 on a sample of regular local residents aged 35 years or older who were selected by random cluster sampling. Setting: Forty-five administrative villages selected from three urban districts and two rural counties of Nanjing municipality, Mainland China, with a regional population of 5.6 million. Subjects: In total, 29 340 subjects participated; 67.7% from urban and 32.3% from rural areas; 49.8% male and 50.2% female. The response rate among eligible participants was 90.1%. Results: The proportion of participants classified as overweight was 30.5%, while 7.8% were identified as obese. After adjusting for possible confounding variables (age, gender, area of residence, educational level, occupational and leisure-time physical activity, daily vegetable consumption and frequency of red meat intake), urban participants were more likely to be overweight or obese relative to their rural counterparts, more women than men were obese, and participants in the lowest FAI tertile were the least likely to be above the healthy weight range. Conclusions: The proportion of adults with BMI above the healthy weight range was positively related to having a higher socio-economic status (indexed by FAI) in a regional Chinese population.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30009132

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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