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Individual, family, school, and community risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in adolescents : a comparison of risk profiles for substance use and depressive symptoms

Bond, Lyndal, Toumbourou, John, Thomas, Lyndal, Catalano, Richard F. and Patton, George 2005, Individual, family, school, and community risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in adolescents : a comparison of risk profiles for substance use and depressive symptoms, Prevention science, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 73-88, doi: 10.1007/s11121-005-3407-2.

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Title Individual, family, school, and community risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in adolescents : a comparison of risk profiles for substance use and depressive symptoms
Author(s) Bond, Lyndal
Toumbourou, JohnORCID iD for Toumbourou, John orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Thomas, Lyndal
Catalano, Richard F.
Patton, George
Journal name Prevention science
Volume number 6
Issue number 2
Start page 73
End page 88
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2005-06
ISSN 1389-4986
1573-6695
Keyword(s) risk factors
protective factors
depressive symptoms
adolescents
substance use
Summary This study examines the relationship between adolescent depressive symptoms and risk and protective factors identified for substance use. A questionnaire, developed to measure these factors in a young persons community, family, school, peer group, and individual characteristics for substance use, was used to assess associations with self-reported depressive symptoms. Data were provided by a representative sample of 8984 secondary school students in Victoria, Australia. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 10.5% (95% CI 9.2,12.0) for males and 21.7% (95% CI 20.3,23.7) for females. Depressive symptoms were associated with factors in all domains, with the strongest associations in the family domain. Strong relationships were found between the number of elevated risk and protective factors and depressive symptoms, maintained after adjusting for substance use. Patterns of associations were similar for users and nonsubstance users. The findings indicate that prevention programs targeting factors for substance use have the potential to impact on depression.

Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11121-005-3407-2
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30009215

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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