Environmental factors associated with adults' participation in physical activity- a review

Humpel, Nancy, Owen, Neville and Leslie, Eva 2002, Environmental factors associated with adults' participation in physical activity- a review, American journal of preventive medicine, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 188-199.

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Title Environmental factors associated with adults' participation in physical activity- a review
Author(s) Humpel, Nancy
Owen, Neville
Leslie, Eva
Journal name American journal of preventive medicine
Volume number 22
Issue number 3
Start page 188
End page 199
Publisher Elsevier Inc
Place of publication United States
Publication date 2002-04
ISSN 0749-3797
1873-2607
Keyword(s) environment
exercise
preventive medicine and public health
public facilities
public policy
Summary Background: Promoting physical activity is a public health priority, and changes in the environmental contexts of adults’ activity choices are believed to be crucial. However, of the factors associated with physical activity, environmental influences are among the least understood. Method: Using journal scans and computerized literature database searches, we identified 19 quantitative studies that assessed the relationships with physical activity behavior of perceived and objectively determined physical environment attributes. Findings were categorized into those examining five categories: accessibility of facilities, opportunities for activity, weather, safety, and aesthetic attributes. Results: Accessibility, opportunities, and aesthetic attributes had significant associations with physical activity. Weather and safety showed less-strong relationships. Where studies pooled different categories to create composite variables, the associations were less likely to be statistically significant. Conclusions: Physical environment factors have consistent associations with physical activity behavior. Further development of ecologic and environmental models, together with behavior-specific and context-specific measurement strategies, should help in further  understanding of these associations. Prospective studies are required to identify possible causal relationships.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30009233

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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