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Family risk factors for cannabis use: a population-based survey of Australian secondary school students

Olsson, C., Coffey, C., Toumbourou, John, Bond, L., Thomas, Lyndal and Patton, George 2003, Family risk factors for cannabis use: a population-based survey of Australian secondary school students, Drug and alcohol reveiew, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 143-152, doi: 10.1080/09595230100100570.

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Title Family risk factors for cannabis use: a population-based survey of Australian secondary school students
Author(s) Olsson, C.ORCID iD for Olsson, C. orcid.org/0000-0002-5927-2014
Coffey, C.
Toumbourou, JohnORCID iD for Toumbourou, John orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Bond, L.
Thomas, Lyndal
Patton, George
Journal name Drug and alcohol reveiew
Volume number 22
Issue number 2
Start page 143
End page 152
Publisher Carfax Pub. Co.
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2003-06
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Keyword(s) adolescence
cannabis use
family
risk factor
Summary The objective of this study was to investigate relationships between adolescent cannabis use and indices of parent - child attachment, family functioning and parent attitudes to drugs and delinquency. A total of 2848 year 9 and 2363 year 11 students participated in the Victorian Adolescent Health and Well-Being Survey (1999). The study was a school-based random sample of 535 metropolitan and rural, government and non-government secondary schools throughout Victoria, Australia. Cannabis use was defined as 'any' and 'weekly' use in the last 30 days. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent associations between cannabis use and parent - child attachment, family functioning and parent attitudes to drugs and delinquency. Cannabis use in year 9 was associated with permissive parent attitudes to drugs and delinquency (any use: adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 8.1; weekly use: adjusted OR = 7.6), and was particularly sensitive to small changes in the quality of the parent - child relationship with risk increasing threefold for those describing their attachment as 'good' compared with 'very good' (any use: adjusted OR = 2.8, weekly use adjusted OR = 2.9). A similar, but more moderate pattern association was evident in year 11. After adjusting for other family and background factors, poor family functioning showed minimal association with level of cannabis use at both year levels. Results suggest that intervention efforts might sensibly target strengthening parent - children relationships and promoting less permissive parent attitudes to drug use.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/09595230100100570
Field of Research 111707 Family Care
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Australian Professional Society on Alcohol and Other Drugs
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30009259

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 13 Oct 2008, 15:55:45 EST

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