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An exploration of sense of community, part 3: dimensions and predictors of psychological sense of community in geographical communities

Obst, Patricia, Smith, Sandy G. and Zinkiewicz, Lucy 2002, An exploration of sense of community, part 3: dimensions and predictors of psychological sense of community in geographical communities, Journal of community psychology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 119-133, doi: 10.1002/jcop.1054.

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Title An exploration of sense of community, part 3: dimensions and predictors of psychological sense of community in geographical communities
Author(s) Obst, Patricia
Smith, Sandy G.
Zinkiewicz, LucyORCID iD for Zinkiewicz, Lucy orcid.org/0000-0002-1861-1673
Journal name Journal of community psychology
Volume number 30
Issue number 1
Start page 119
End page 133
Publisher Wiley Interscience
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2002
ISSN 0090-4392
1520-6629
Keyword(s) community
social
identification geographic
Summary Within the discipline of community psychology there remains considerable debate as to the latent structure of psychological sense of community (PSOC). One of the few theoretical discussions is that of McMillan and Chavis (1986), who hypothesized four dimensions: Belonging; Fulfillment of Needs; Influence; and Shared Connections. Discussion has also emerged in the literature regarding the role of identification within PSOC. However few studies have empirically investigated the role of identification in PSOC. The current study explored PSOC in a sample of residents of rural, regional and urban geographical communities (N = 669). In an endeavor to clarify the underlying dimensions of PSOC, a test battery included several measures of PSOC as well as measures of identification with the community. The study also examined the role of demographic factors in predicting PSOC. Results provided support for McMillan and Chavis' (1986) four dimensions of PSOC. Further, a fifth dimension emerged, that of Conscious Identification, suggesting that identification is separate to existing dimensions of PSOC. The demographic factors significantly associated with PSOC were type of region, with rural participants displaying higher PSOC than their urban counterparts; participation in local organizations; having children; and a vision of one’s neighborhood as broader than just a street or block. These results, and the implications for PSOC research, are discussed.
Notes Published in Obst, Patricia, Smith, Sandy G. and Zinkiewicz, Lucy 2002, Exploration of sense of community, part 3: dimensions and predictors of psychological sense of community in geographical communities, Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 119-133. at www.interscience.wiley.com
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/jcop.1054
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2002, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30009262

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.