Pathology of chronic achilles-tendon injuries in athletes
Ashe, Maureen C., Khan, Karim M., Maffulli, Nicola, Alfredson, Hakan and Cook, Jill 2001, Pathology of chronic achilles-tendon injuries in athletes, International sportmed journal, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1-11.
Overuse tendon conditions have traditionally been considered to result from an inflammatory process and were treated as such. Microscopic examination of abnormal Achilles-tendon tissues, however, reveals a non-inflammatory degenerative process. The histopathology found in surgical specimens in patients with chronic overuse Achilles tendinopathy and those with Achilles-tendon rupture are reviewed. Seminal studies suggest that so-called tendinitis is a rare condition that might occur occasionally in the Achilles tendon in association with a primary tendinosis. These data have clinical implications and require a review of the traditional classification of pathologies seen in tendon conditions, The authors recommend that nomenclature be based on histopathological findings rather than traditional hypothesis.
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