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Unhealthy landscapes: policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence

Patz, Jonathan A., Daszak, Peter, Tabor, Gary M., Aguirre, Alonso A., Pearl, Mary, Epstein, Jon, Wolfe, Nathan D., Kilpatrick, Marm A., Foufopoulos, Johannes, Molyneux, David, Bradley, David J. and Butler, Colin 2004, Unhealthy landscapes: policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence, Environmental health perspectives, vol. 112, no. 10, pp. 1092-1098, doi: 10.1289/ehp.6877.

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Title Unhealthy landscapes: policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence
Author(s) Patz, Jonathan A.
Daszak, Peter
Tabor, Gary M.
Aguirre, Alonso A.
Pearl, Mary
Epstein, Jon
Wolfe, Nathan D.
Kilpatrick, Marm A.
Foufopoulos, Johannes
Molyneux, David
Bradley, David J.
Butler, Colin
Journal name Environmental health perspectives
Volume number 112
Issue number 10
Start page 1092
End page 1098
Publisher U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Place of publication Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publication date 2004-07
ISSN 0091-6765
1552-9924
Keyword(s) Biodiversity
Deforestation
Ecosystems
Emerging infectious diseases
Land use
Lyme disease
Malaria
Urban sprawl
Wildlife
Zoonosis
Summary Anthropogenic land use changes drive a range of infectious disease outbreaks and emergence events and modify the transmission of endemic infections. These drivers include agricultural encroachment, deforestation, road construction, dam building, irrigation, wetland modification, mining, the concentration or expansion of urban environments, coastal zone degradation, and other activities. These changes in turn cause a cascade of factors that exacerbate infectious disease emergence, such as forest fragmentation, disease introduction, pollution, poverty, and human migration. The Working Group on Land Use Change and Disease Emergence grew out of a special colloquium that convened international experts in infectious diseases, ecology, and environmental health to assess the current state of knowledge and to develop recommendations for addressing these environmental health challenges. The group established a systems model approach and priority lists of infectious diseases affected by ecologic degradation. Policy-relevant levels of the model include specific health risk factors, landscape or habitat change, and institutional (economic and behavioral) levels. The group recommended creating Centers of Excellence in Ecology and Health Research and Training, based at regional universities and/or research institutes with close links to the surrounding communities. The centers' objectives would be 3-fold: a) to provide information to local communities about the links between environmental change and public health ; b) to facilitate fully interdisciplinary research from a variety of natural, social, and health sciences and train professionals who can conduct interdisciplinary research ; and c) to engage in science-based communication and assessment for policy making toward sustainable health and ecosystems.
Language eng
DOI 10.1289/ehp.6877
Field of Research 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30009381

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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