A nutrition and exercise intervention program for controlling weight in Samoan communities in New Zealand
Bell, A., Swinburn, Boyd, Amosa, H. and Scragg, R. 2001, A nutrition and exercise intervention program for controlling weight in Samoan communities in New Zealand, International journal of obesity, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 920-927.
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OBJECTIVE: To promote weight loss in Samoan church communities through an exercise program and nutrition education. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used to assess weight change, over 1 y, in cohorts of people aged 20 ± 77 y from three non-randomised Samoan church communities (two intervention, n ˆ365 and one control, n ˆ106) in Auckland, New Zealand. The intervention churches received aerobics sessions and nutrition education about dietary fat. RESULTS: Baseline body mass index for the intervention and control churches was (means.e.) 34.80.4 and 34.30.9 kg=m2, respectively. The intervention churches lost an average of 0.40.3 kg compared to a 1.30.6 kg weight gain in the control church (P ˆ0.039, adjusted for confounders). The number of people who were vigorously active increased by 10% in the intervention churches compared to a 5% decline in the control church (P ˆ0.007). Nutrition education had little apparent impact on knowledge or behaviour. CONCLUSION: Samoan communities in New Zealand are very obese and have high rates of annual weight gain. A community-based intervention program arrested this weight gain in the short term.
Field of Research
111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective
970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
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