Context: The mitochondrial uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) has been implicated in the protection of the mitochondrial matrix against lipid-induced mitochondrial damage. Recent evidence points toward mitochondrial aberrations as a major contributor to the development of insulin resistance and diabetes, and UCP3 is reduced in diabetes. Objective: We compared skeletal muscle UCP3 protein levels in prediabetic subjects [i.e. impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)], diabetic patients, and healthy controls and examined whether rosiglitazone treatment was able to restore UCP3. Patients, Design, Intervention: Ten middle-aged obese men with type 2 diabetes mellitus [age, 61.4 ± 3.1 yr; body mass index (BMI), 29.8 ± 2.9 kg/m2], nine IGT subjects (age, 59.0 ± 6.6 yr; BMI, 29.7 ± 3.0 kg/m2), and 10 age- and BMI-matched healthy controls (age, 57.3 ± 7.4 yr; BMI, 30.1 ± 3.9 kg/m2) participated in this study. After baseline comparisons, diabetic patients received rosiglitazone (2 x 4 mg/d) for 8 wk. Main Outcome Measures: Muscle biopsies were sampled to determine UCP3 and mitochondrial protein (complex I–V) content. Results: UCP3 protein content was significantly lower in prediabetic IGT subjects and in diabetic patients compared with healthy controls (39.0 ± 28.5, 47.2 ± 24.7, and 72.0 ± 23.7 arbitrary units, respectively; P < 0.05), whereas the levels of the mitochondrial protein complex I–V were similar between groups. Rosiglitazone treatment for 8 wk significantly increased insulin sensitivity and muscle UCP3 content (from 53.2 ± 29.9 to 66.3 ± 30.9 arbitrary units; P < 0.05). Conclusion: We show that UCP3 protein content is reduced in prediabetic subjects and type 2 diabetic patients. Eight weeks of rosiglitazone treatment restores skeletal muscle UCP3 protein in diabetic patients.
Field of Research
060199 Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
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