Correlation between optical and SEM measurements of wool cortical cell size

Wang, Huimin and Wang, Xungai 2005, Correlation between optical and SEM measurements of wool cortical cell size, Research journal of textile and apparel, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 23-28.

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Title Correlation between optical and SEM measurements of wool cortical cell size
Author(s) Wang, Huimin
Wang, Xungai
Journal name Research journal of textile and apparel
Volume number 9
Issue number 3
Start page 23
End page 28
Publisher Hong Kong Institution of Textile and Apparel
Place of publication Hung Hom, Hong Kong
Publication date 2005
ISSN 1560-6074
Keyword(s) wool
cortical cell
dispersion medium
image analysis
particle size analysis
fibre science
Summary Wool fibres consist of micro to nano scale protein constituents that could be used for innovative applications. While techniques for extracting these constituents or making wool fibres into organic powders have been developed, effectively dispersing the particles and accurately determining their size has been difficult in practice. In this study, an ultrasonic method was employed to disperse cortical cells extracted from wool fibres into an
immersion oil or ethanol. Specimens of the cortical cells were then observed under optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. Cell length and maximum cell diameter were measured to quantify the cell size. The results suggest significant discrepancies exist in the cortical cell size obtained from the two different measurement techniques. The maximum diameter of wool cortical cells obtained from the optical microscope was much larger than that from the scanning electron microscope, while the length was much shorter. A correction factor is given so that cortical cell size obtained from the two measurement techniques can be compared.
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Engineering and Technology
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