The major challenge for thermomechanical processing is to extend grain refinement towards lower average grain sizes. However, there is also a need to provide a better understanding of the mechanisms through which the refinement processes proceed. Many recent proposals for advanced thermomechanical processing rely on the dynamic strain induced transformation (DSIT), and the dynamic recrystallisation of austenite as the main refinement mechanisms. These mechanisms are still not fully understood and their clarification can be expected to lead to even greater levels of refinement. The current review examines the roles of ferrite recrystallisation , DSIT and initial austenite grain size. It is shown that although the ferrite recrystallisation mechanism in DSIT has certain similarities with the well known continuous dynamic recrystallisation (CDRX), it is significantly affected by the transformed ferrite grain size. Also, reducing the initial austenite grain size increases the recrystallisation rate in the strain dependent as well as strain independent regions. These results show that the traditional concept of metadynamic recrystallisation is insufficient to explain the changes in grain size following deformation. An alternative explanation is presented.
Field of Research
091207 Metals and Alloy Materials
HERDC Research category
C3 Non-refereed articles in a professional journal