Strategic review of enhancements and culture-based fisheries
Lorenzen, K., Amarasinghe, U.S, Bartley, D.M, Bell, J.D, Bilio, M., de Silva, S.S, Garaway, C.J, Hartmann, W.D, Kapetsky, J.M, Laleye, P., Moreau, J., Sugunan, V.V and Swar, D.B 2000, Strategic review of enhancements and culture-based fisheries, in Technical Proceedings of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 221-237.
Enhancements are interventions in the life cycle of common-pool aquatic resources. Enhancement technologies include culture-based fisheries, habitat modifications, fertilization, feeding and elimination of predators/competitors. Enhancements are estimated to yield about two million mt per year, mostly from culture-based fisheries in fresh waters where they account for some 20 percent of capture, or 10 percent of combined capture and culture production. Marine enhancements are still at an experimental stage, but some have reached commercial production. Enhancements use limited external feed and energy inputs, and can provide very high returns for labour and capital input. Moreover, enhancement initiatives can facilitate institutional change and a more active management of aquatic resources, leading to increased productivity, conservation and wider social benefits. Enhancements may help to maintain population abundance, community structure and ecosystem functioning in the face of heavy exploitation and/or environmental degradation. Negative environmental impacts may arise from ecological and genetic interactions between enhanced and wild stocks. Many enhancements have not realised their full potential because of a failure to address specific institutional, technological, management and research requirements emanating from two key characteristics. Firstly, enhancement involves investment in common-pool resources and can only be sustained under institutional arrangements that allow regulation of use and a flow of benefits to those who bear the costs of enhancement. Secondly, interventions are limited to certain aspects of the life cycle of stocks, and outcomes are strongly dependent on natural conditions beyond management control. Hence, management must be adapted to local conditions to be effective, and certain conditions may preclude successful enhancement altogether. Governments have a major role to play in facilitating enhancement initiatives through the establishment of conducive institutional arrangements, appropriate research support, and the management of environmental and other impacts on and from enhancements.
Field of Research
Socio Economic Objective
830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category
E2 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed
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