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A new method of evaluating the fineness and residual gum content of hemp fibres

Beltran, Rafael, Hurren, Christopher J., Kaynak, Akif and Wang, Xungai 2002, A new method of evaluating the fineness and residual gum content of hemp fibres, in Proceedings of 2009 International Conference on Ecological Fabric in the 21st Century, Beijing Science and Technology Association, Beijing, China, pp. 1-12.

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Title A new method of evaluating the fineness and residual gum content of hemp fibres
Author(s) Beltran, Rafael
Hurren, Christopher J.
Kaynak, Akif
Wang, Xungai
Conference name International Conference on Ecological Fabric in the 21st Century (2002 : Beijing, China)
Conference location Beijing, China
Conference dates 14-16 Oct. 2002
Title of proceedings Proceedings of 2009 International Conference on Ecological Fabric in the 21st Century
Editor(s) [Unknown]
Publication date 2002
Conference series International Conference on Ecological Fabric in the 21st Century
Start page 1
End page 12
Publisher Beijing Science and Technology Association
Place of publication Beijing, China
Keyword(s) hemp
residual gum content
Optical Fibre Diameter Analyser (OFDA)
fibre fineness
Summary The demand for eco-friendly apparel and technical textiles has led to a resurgence of interests in bast fibres such as hemp. The lack of fast and objective evaluation of the quality attributes of bast fibres has been a major barrier to the advancement of the bast fibre industry. One of the most important quality attributes of a fibre is its fineness. For bast fibres, the fibre fineness measurement can also reflect the degree of fibre separation during retting or degumming. The traditional method of evaluating the fineness and residual gum content of bast fibres is a very tedious process. In this paper, degummed hemp fibres have been measured for fineness on an Optical Fibre Diameter Analyser (OFDA), and the results have been co-related with the residual gum content in the fibre samples. Since hemp fibres do not have a circular cross section, it is the width of the fibre that gets measured by the OFDA instrument, and this width has been used as an indication of the fibre fineness in this paper. The findings from this study suggest that the optical method can provide a fast and objective way of evaluating the fineness of hemp fibres, and that there is a good correlation between the fibre „width‟ measurement and the residual gum content.
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Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category E1.1 Full written paper - refereed
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30013876

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.