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A comparative study of the mechanical properties of wool and alpaca fibres

Liu, Xin, Hurren, Christopher and Wang, Xungai 2005, A comparative study of the mechanical properties of wool and alpaca fibres, in Proceedings of the 11th International Wool Research Conference, The University of Leeds, Leeds, England.

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Title A comparative study of the mechanical properties of wool and alpaca fibres
Alternative title Comparative study of the abrasion fatigue and resistance to compression properties of wool and alpaca fibres
Author(s) Liu, Xin
Hurren, Christopher
Wang, Xungai
Conference name International Wool Research Conference (11th : 2005 : University of Leeds)
Conference location University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Conference dates 4-9 September 2005
Title of proceedings Proceedings of the 11th International Wool Research Conference
Editor(s) Byrne, K.
Publication date 2005
Publisher The University of Leeds
Place of publication Leeds, England
Summary This study reports the latest research into alpaca and wool fibres. In particular, those properties that have received little attention in research literature have been examined. They include single fibre abrasion and bending fatigue, single fibre tensile properties, as well as resistance to compression behaviour. These properties are important because they affect the softness and pilling propensity of these fibres and the resultant fabrics. Clean wool and alpaca fibres were used in this study. Fibre abrasion/bending fatigue measurements were carried out using a Textechno FIBRESTRESS instrument. The resistance to compression (RtC) tests were carried out according to Australian Standard AS3535-1988. The results indicate that wool and alpaca fibres behave quite differently, even though both fibre types are of animal origin. Wool fibre resistance to compression decreases as fibre diameter increases while the opposite appears to occur for alpaca fibres. For both wool and alpaca the number of abrasion/bending cycles at fibre break increases with an increase in fibre diameter, it takes longer to break the alpaca fibres. Reasons for these differences have been postulated based on differences in fibre surface and structure between alpaca and wool.
ISBN 0955315409
9780955315404
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category E2 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30014416

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: School of Engineering and Technology
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