Overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome in rural south-eastern Australia

Kilkkinen, Annamari, Janus, Edward, Laatikainen, Tiina, Dunbar, James, Heistaro, Sami, Tideman, Phillip, Tirimacco, Rosy, Bunker, Stephen and Philpot, Benjamin 2007, Overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome in rural south-eastern Australia, in 2007 General Practice and Primary Health care Reseach Conference, Primary Health Care Research Information Service, Adelaide, S. Aust..

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome in rural south-eastern Australia
Author(s) Kilkkinen, Annamari
Janus, Edward
Laatikainen, Tiina
Dunbar, James
Heistaro, Sami
Tideman, Phillip
Tirimacco, Rosy
Bunker, Stephen
Philpot, Benjamin
Conference name General Practice and Primary Health Care Reseach. Conference (2007 : Sydney, N.S.W.)
Conference location Sydney, N.S.W.
Conference dates 23-25 May 2007
Title of proceedings 2007 General Practice and Primary Health care Reseach Conference
Publication date 2007
Publisher Primary Health Care Research Information Service
Place of publication Adelaide, S. Aust.
Summary Aims & rationale/Objectives : To measure the prevalence of overweight, obesity and the metabolic syndrome in rural Australia.</p>

Methods :Two cross-sectional population surveys of chronic disease risk factors were carried out in rural Victoria (Corangamite Shire) and South Australia (Limestone Coast) in 2004-05. For both surveys, a stratified random sample of the population aged 25 to 74 years was drawn from the electoral roll. The surveys comprised a self-administered questionnaire, physical measurements and laboratory tests.</p>

Principal findings : A total of 841 individuals had complete questionnaire, health check and measured MetS data. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 75% in males and 64.7% in females defined by BMI. Using waist circumference, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher in females (72.9%) than in males (63.2%). The overall prevalence of obesity of was 30.1% when defined by BMI, but 44.8% when defined by waist circumference. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to NCEP ATP III 2005 criteria was 29.0% in males and 28.5% in females. According to IDF criteria, the prevalence for males and females were 30.5% and 36.3%, respectively. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and central (abdominal) obesity, hyperglycaemia, hypertension, and hypertriglyceridaemia increased with age.

Discussion : The prevalence of overweight and obesity, in particular central obesity, in rural Australia is very high as is the prevalence of metabolic syndrome.

Implications : Urgent population wide action is required to turn this trend around and regular monitoring of the trends in response to such action is essential.
Language eng
Field of Research 111717 Primary Health Care
Socio Economic Objective 920506 Rural Health
HERDC Research category E3 Extract of paper
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30014831

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 444 Abstract Views, 0 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Tue, 21 Oct 2008, 14:27:38 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.