France has a long tradition of asylum for refugees. Since the Revolution, this has made it the land of liberty (pays de la liberte) and the land of asylum (la terre d'asile)." "In practice, responses have been shaped less by principle than by political and social conditions. Various refugee movements - from the late eighteenth-century Lowlands, to Spanish and Italian liberals in the 1820s, Polish nationalists in the 1830s. German social revolutionaries of 1848-9, anti-Bolsheviks from the Russian Revolution, Christians from the former Ottoman Empire, and Jews from Nazi Germany - have met with mixed responses, which shifted uneasily between sympathy, principle, pragmatism, and open hostility." "This book examines the tensions between refugee rights and political responses to refugees, and between humanitarian concern for their plight and hostility to their imposition on the state. Increasingly punitive measures against refugees saw,
in 1939, the end of asylum in the internment of republican exiles from the Spanish Civil War.
Contents: Introduction: Refugees and Asylum -- Pt. I. Asylum and the French Revolution -- 1. Exiles and Patriots -- 2. Asylum, Empire, and Restoration -- Pt. II. Revolutionary Exiles and the July Monarchy, 1830-48 -- 3. The Limits of Tolerance -- 4. The Practice of Asylum -- 5. 'A sentence passed in a shadow, by a hidden power' -- Pt. III. A Republican Tradition: Asylum, 1848-1920 -- 6. Asylum and the Mid-Century Crisis -- 7. Socialist Revolutionaries, Mass Migration, War: 1870-1920 -- Pt. IV. 'Around the corner from a hostile France, a France more amicable', 1920-39 -- 8. Migration and Asylum After the Great War -- 9. The German Refugee Crisis, 1933-5 -- 10. Reform, Renewal, and the End of Asylum -- Conclusion: The Right of Asylum - A Site of Memory.
Field of Research
210307 European History (excl British, Classical Greek and Roman)