The effects of ultrasonic agitation in laundering on the properties of wool fabrics

Hurren, Christopher, Cookson, Peter and Wang, Xungai 2008, The effects of ultrasonic agitation in laundering on the properties of wool fabrics, Ultrasonics sonochemistry, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1069-1074.

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Title The effects of ultrasonic agitation in laundering on the properties of wool fabrics
Author(s) Hurren, Christopher
Cookson, Peter
Wang, Xungai
Journal name Ultrasonics sonochemistry
Volume number 15
Issue number 6
Start page 1069
End page 1074
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier BV
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publication date 2008-09
ISSN 1350-4177
1873-2828
Keyword(s) ultrasound
wool
laundering
stain
dimensional stability
felting
fibre science
Summary This paper investigates the use of ultrasonic agitation as a method for reducing felting and area shrinkage during the laundering of wool fabric. Work was conducted to evaluate the changes in fibre and fabric properties after repeated exposure to ultrasonic agitation, and also the effectiveness of ultrasonic treatment to remove common stains. Fabric colour, appearance, tensile strength, dimensional stability and thickness were measured before and after each test. Ultrasonic agitation produced fine cracks in the scale structure of the fibre, but these had negligible effects on the strength and colour when compared to hand washing. Ultrasonic agitation caused less fibre migration than hand washing, with a reduced rate of thickness increase and felting. Ultrasonic agitation increased the level of stain removed from the fabric when compared with hand washing.
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier BV
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017106

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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