The effect of intellectual disability on the adherence of child witnesses to a “story grammar” framework

Murfett, Romana, Powell, Martine B. and Snow, Pamela C. 2008, The effect of intellectual disability on the adherence of child witnesses to a “story grammar” framework, Journal of intellectual & developmental disability, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 2-11, doi: 10.1080/13668250701829811.

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Title The effect of intellectual disability on the adherence of child witnesses to a “story grammar” framework
Author(s) Murfett, Romana
Powell, Martine B.ORCID iD for Powell, Martine B.
Snow, Pamela C.
Journal name Journal of intellectual & developmental disability
Volume number 33
Issue number 1
Start page 2
End page 11
Total pages 10
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2008
ISSN 1366-8250
Keyword(s) story grammar
narrative account
investigative interviewing
child witness
intellectual disability
Summary BackgroundThis study examined the ability of 78 children (aged 9–12 years) with an intellectual disability (ID) to provide a narrative account of a staged event they had participated in four days earlier.
MethodThe children were interviewed using open‐ended questions. The quality of their responses (using a story grammar framework) was compared with that of two control groups: mainstream children matched for mental and chronological age.
ResultsWhile the children with an ID and those matched for mental age provided narratives of similar length and used similar proportions of each story grammar element, the ID group was less likely than both control groups to provide a narrative account at all. Among those children with an ID who did provide a narrative account, their accounts included proportionately fewer story grammar elements than those of both control groups.
ConclusionChildren with an ID are disadvantaged as witnesses with respect to their ability to provide a detailed and coherent narrative account of events under optimal investigative interviewing conditions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/13668250701829811
Field of Research 170103 Educational Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Informa Healthcare
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Higher Education Research Group
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