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Altered experience mediates the relationship between schizotypy and mood disturbance during shamanic-like journeying

Rock, Adam J, Abbott, Gavin R. and Kambouropoulos, Nicolas 2008, Altered experience mediates the relationship between schizotypy and mood disturbance during shamanic-like journeying, Journal of scientific exploration, vol. 22, no. 3, Fall, pp. 371-384.

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Title Altered experience mediates the relationship between schizotypy and mood disturbance during shamanic-like journeying
Author(s) Rock, Adam J
Abbott, Gavin R.ORCID iD for Abbott, Gavin R. orcid.org/0000-0003-4014-0705
Kambouropoulos, Nicolas
Journal name Journal of scientific exploration
Volume number 22
Issue number 3
Season Fall
Start page 371
End page 384
Total pages 14
Publisher Society for Scientific Exploration
Place of publication Lawrence, Kan.
Publication date 2008
ISSN 0892-3310
Keyword(s) altered experience
mood disturbance
schizotypy
shamanism
Summary Studies have found that shamanic practices are associated with statistically significant reductions in mood disturbance relative to baseline. However, contrary results were obtained for non-shamanic practitioners exposed to shamanic-like techniques. These inconsistent results may be partially due to a personality trait referred to as schizotypy, which has been demonstrated to influence susceptibility to shamanic-like techniques. Furthermore, given that an integral feature of shamanism is the production of altered states of awareness and altered experiences, and that shamanism is associated with health benefits, perhaps the production of such alterations affects health benefits. Consequently, the present study aimed to investigate whether altered state of awareness and altered experience mediated the association between schizotypy and mood disturbance during exposure to a shamanic-like condition. Sixty-nine non-shamans were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: shamanic-like journeying with drumming or sitting quietly with eyes open. Total mood disturbance-change was significantly negatively correlated with schizotypy and altered experience -- but not altered state of awareness -- and these correlations were significantly stronger for the shamanic-like journeying condition relative to the control condition. Furthermore, altered experience significantly mediated the association between schizotypy and total mood disturbance-change during exposure to shamanic-like journeying.
Language eng
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Society for Scientific Exploration
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017248

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.