An effective wound dressing is not only able to protect the wound area from its surroundings to avoid infection and dehydration, but also to speed up the healing process by providing an optimum microenvironment for healing, removing any excess wound exudates, and allowing continuous tissue reconstruction. In this study, two biodegradable polymers, polycaprolactone (PCL) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), were used to electrospin nanofibre membranes. The wound dressing performances of these two membranes were compared with the wound dressing performances of protein coated membranes and conventional non-woven cotton wound dressings. In addition, fibre morphology, porous structural property, mechanical properties of the nanofibre membranes, and their drainage capacity and wound skin histology were examined.
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