Obesity policy action framework and analysis grids for a comprehensive policy approach to reducing obesity

Sacks, Gary, Swinburn, Boyd and Lawrence, Mark 2009, Obesity policy action framework and analysis grids for a comprehensive policy approach to reducing obesity, Obesity reviews, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 76-86, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00524.x.

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Title Obesity policy action framework and analysis grids for a comprehensive policy approach to reducing obesity
Author(s) Sacks, GaryORCID iD for Sacks, Gary orcid.org/0000-0001-9736-1539
Swinburn, Boyd
Lawrence, MarkORCID iD for Lawrence, Mark orcid.org/0000-0001-6899-3983
Journal name Obesity reviews
Volume number 10
Issue number 1
Start page 76
End page 86
Total pages 11
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 1467-7881
1467-789X
Keyword(s) obesity prevention
framework
policy
Summary A comprehensive policy approach is needed to control the growing obesity epidemic. This paper proposes the Obesity Policy Action (OPA) framework, modified from the World Health Organization framework for the implementation of the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health, to provide specific guidance for governments to systematically identify areas for obesity policy action. The proposed framework incorporates three different public health approaches to addressing obesity: (i) 'upstream' policies influence either the broad social and economic conditions of society (e.g. taxation, education, social security) or the food and physical activity environments to make healthy eating and physical activity choices easier; (ii) 'midstream' policies are aimed at directly influencing population behaviours; and (iii) 'downstream' policies support health services and clinical interventions. A set of grids for analysing potential policies to support obesity prevention and management is presented. The general pattern that emerges from populating the analysis grids as they relate to the Australian context is that all sectors and levels of government, non-governmental organizations and private businesses have multiple opportunities to contribute to reducing obesity. The proposed framework and analysis grids provide a comprehensive approach to mapping the policy environment related to obesity, and a tool for identifying policy gaps, barriers and opportunities.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00524.x
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Wiley-Blackwell
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017330

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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