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Sociocultural factors relating to Tongans' and Indigenous Fijians' patterns of eating, physical activity and body size

Mavoa, Helen M. and McCabe, Marita P. 2008, Sociocultural factors relating to Tongans' and Indigenous Fijians' patterns of eating, physical activity and body size, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 375-384.

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Title Sociocultural factors relating to Tongans' and Indigenous Fijians' patterns of eating, physical activity and body size
Author(s) Mavoa, Helen M.
McCabe, Marita P.
Journal name Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 17
Issue number 3
Start page 375
End page 384
Publisher HEC Press
Place of publication McKinnon, Vic.
Publication date 2008
ISSN 0964-7058
1440-6047
Summary This paper reviews literature between 1974 and 2007 that addresses the impact of sociocultural factors on reported patterns of eating, physical activity (activity) and body size of Tongans and indigenous Fijians (Fijians) in their countries of origin. There have been changes in diet (more imported and fewer traditional foods), activity (reduced, especially in urban settings), residence (rural-urban shift) and body size (increased obesity and at a younger age). The prevalence of overweight/obesity in Tongans and Fijians has increased rapidly over the last two decades and remains among the highest in the world (>80% in Tonga; >40% in Fiji), with more females reported to be obese than males. The few studies that investigated sociocultural influences on patterns of eating, activity and/or body size in this population have examined the impact of hierarchical organisation, rank and status (sex, seniority), values (respect, care, co-operation) and/or role expectations. It is important to examine how sociocultural factors influence eating, activity and body size in order to i) establish factors that promote or protect against obesity, ii) inform culturally-appropriate interventions to promote healthy lifestyles and body size, and iii) halt the obesity epidemic, especially in cultural groups with a high prevalence of obesity. There is an urgent need for more systematic investigations of key sociocultural factors, whilst taking into account the complex interplay between sociocultural factors, behaviours and other influences (historical; socioeconomic; policy; external global influences; physical environment).
Notes Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, HEC Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017332

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.