Does childhood motor skill proficiency predict adolescent fitness?

Barnett, Lisa, van Beurden, Eric, Morgan, Philip, Brooks, Lyndon and Beard, John 2008, Does childhood motor skill proficiency predict adolescent fitness?, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2317-2144.

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Title Does childhood motor skill proficiency predict adolescent fitness?
Author(s) Barnett, Lisa
van Beurden, Eric
Morgan, Philip
Brooks, Lyndon
Beard, John
Journal name Medicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume number 40
Issue number 12
Start page 2317
End page 2144
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2008
ISSN 0195-9131
1530-0315
Keyword(s) fundamental motor skill
cardiorespiratory endurance
child
longitudinal
Summary Purpose: To determine whether childhood fundamental motor skill proficiency predicts subsequent adolescent cardiorespiratory fitness.

Methods: In 2000, children's proficiency in a battery of skills was assessed as part of an elementary school-based intervention. Participants were followed up during 2006/2007 as part of the Physical Activity and Skills Study, and cardiorespiratory fitness was measured using the Multistage Fitness Test. Linear regression was used to examine the relationship between childhood fundamental motor skill proficiency and adolescent cardiorespiratory fitness controlling for gender. Composite object control (kick, catch, throw) and locomotor skill (hop, side gallop, vertical jump) were constructed for analysis. A separate linear regression examined the ability of the sprint run to predict cardiorespiratory fitness.

Results: Of the 928 original intervention participants, 481 were in 28 schools, 276 (57%) of whom were assessed. Two hundred and forty-four students (88.4%) completed the fitness test. One hundred and twenty-seven were females (52.1%), 60.1% of whom were in grade 10 and 39.0% were in grade 11. As children, almost all 244 completed each motor assessments, except for the sprint run (n = 154, 55.8%). The mean composite skill score in 2000 was 17.7 (SD 5.1). In 2006/2007, the mean number of laps on the Multistage Fitness Test was 50.5 (SD 24.4). Object control proficiency in childhood, adjusting for gender (P = 0.000), was associated with adolescent cardiorespiratory fitness (P = 0.012), accounting for 26% of fitness variation.

Conclusion: Children with good object control skills are more likely to become fit adolescents. Fundamental motor skill development in childhood may be an important component of interventions aiming to promote long-term fitness.
Language eng
Field of Research 111704 Community Child Health
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017553

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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