Dietary approaches for weight loss with increased intakes of fruit, vegetables and dairy products

Booth, Alison, Nowson, Caryl, Worsley, Anthony, Margerison, Claire and Jorna, Michelle 2008, Dietary approaches for weight loss with increased intakes of fruit, vegetables and dairy products, Nutrition and dietetics, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 115-120, doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2008.00236.x.

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Title Dietary approaches for weight loss with increased intakes of fruit, vegetables and dairy products
Author(s) Booth, AlisonORCID iD for Booth, Alison
Nowson, CarylORCID iD for Nowson, Caryl
Worsley, AnthonyORCID iD for Worsley, Anthony
Margerison, ClaireORCID iD for Margerison, Claire
Jorna, Michelle
Journal name Nutrition and dietetics
Volume number 65
Issue number 2
Start page 115
End page 120
Total pages 6
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publication Brisbane, Qld.
Publication date 2008-06
ISSN 1446-6368
Keyword(s) fruit
dairy products
weight loss
Summary Aim: To assess the effectiveness of specific advice for increasing fruit, vegetable and dairy intake in free-living men participating in a weight loss study.

Methods: Subjects were randomised to one of two 12-week weight loss diets, either the WELL with daily targets of four serves of fruit, four serves of vegetables and three serves of dairy or a low fat diet (LF) with general advice to increase fruit and vegetable intake. Three-day food group diaries and a food frequency questionnaire assessed intake.

Results: Fifty-four overweight/obese male adults completed the study (WELL, n = 27; LF, n = 27; body mass index (mean ± standard deviation), 30.4 ± 2.5 kg/m2; age, 47.7 ± 9.5 years). There was no difference in mean weight change between groups (WELL, −4.8 ± 3.3 kg; LF, −4.6 ± 3.1 kg). Subjects on the WELL diet had greater (mean difference ± standard error) fruit (0.7 ± 0.2 serves/day), vegetable (1.2 ± 0.2 serves/day) and dairy (1.1 ± 0.1 serves/day) intakes than the LF group (measured by the food group diaries) (all P < 0.01). The WELL group reached the daily target for fruit from week 1 (4.7 ± 1.4 serves/day), vegetables by week 6 (4.1 ± 1.5 serves/day) and for dairy by week 8 (3.0 ± 0.8 serves/day).

Providing specific dietary targets to men for weight loss appears to promote greater consumption of fruit, vegetable and dairy foods than providing general dietary advice. Meeting dietary targets appears to require different adjustment periods depending on the food type.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2008.00236.x
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
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