Motivation: A set of genes and their gene expression levels are used to classify disease and normal tissues. Due to the massive number of genes in microarray, there are a large number of edges to divide different classes of genes in microarray space. The edging genes (EGs) can be co-regulated genes, they can also be on the same pathway or deregulated by the same non-coding genes, such as siRNA or miRNA. Every gene in EGs is vital for identifying a tissue's class. The changing in one EG's gene expression may cause a tissue alteration from normal to disease and vice versa. Finding EGs is of biological importance. In this work, we propose an algorithm to effectively find these EGs. Result: We tested our algorithm with five microarray datasets. The results are compared with the border-based algorithm which was used to find gene groups and subsequently divide different classes of tissues. Our algorithm finds a significantly larger amount of EGs than does the border-based algorithm. As our algorithm prunes irrelevant patterns at earlier stages, time and space complexities are much less prevalent than in the border-based algorithm.
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