Effects of comorbid ADHD with learning disabilities on anxiety, depression, and aggression in adults

McGillivray, J.A. and Baker, K.L. 2009, Effects of comorbid ADHD with learning disabilities on anxiety, depression, and aggression in adults, Journal of attention disorders, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 525-531, doi: 10.1177/1087054708320438.

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Title Effects of comorbid ADHD with learning disabilities on anxiety, depression, and aggression in adults
Author(s) McGillivray, J.A.ORCID iD for McGillivray, J.A. orcid.org/0000-0003-2000-6488
Baker, K.L.
Journal name Journal of attention disorders
Volume number 12
Issue number 6
Start page 525
End page 531
Total pages 7
Publisher Sage Publication, Inc
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2009-05
ISSN 1087-0547
1557-1246
Keyword(s) ADHD
learning disabilities
comorbidity
depression
adults
Summary Objective: ADHD and learning disabilities (LD) frequently coexist and there are indications that comorbidity may increase the risk of psychopathology.

Method: The current study examined the gender distribution and frequency of comorbidity and its impact on the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety,  depression, and aggression in a clinic sample of 80 adults with ADHD, aged 18 to 58 years. More individuals were diagnosed with ADHD+LD than ADHD only, with no difference in this distribution according to gender.

Results: A factorial multivariate analysis of variance indicated that females with ADHD+LD displayed more cognitive depression than females with ADHD only and than males with ADHD+LD and ADHD only. However,individuals with ADHD only and individuals with ADHD+LD did not differ on overall anxiety, depression or aggression. Likewise, males and females did not differ on measures of psychopathology.

Conclusion
: This study lays the foundation for continued research into the characteristics and comorbidities of adults with ADHD.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1087054708320438
Field of Research 170106 Health
Socio Economic Objective 920209 Mental Health Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2009, SAGE Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30017656

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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